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Monday, April 30, 2012

Cheer yourself up

Most of the time positive thought generate a steady and creative influence on us at work.

We might gain success if we channel our creativity into working well under pressure.

Occassionally, petty disputes may arise with people, so be sure you don't say anything that will add fuel to the fire.

When you are depressed or your mood is low, spend some quiet time reading a humorous book or watch a funny movie to cheer yourself up.

Alternatively, do some exercise, or just walk away and you may change your focus and recharged yourself!

Dexterine Ho Soo Miang

On Employment

Employment gives health, sobriety, and morals.   

Constant employment and well-paid labor produce general prosperity, content, and cheerfulness.

-- Daniel Webster

Saturday, April 28, 2012

Learning and teaching ...

The mediocre teacher tells.

The good teacher explains.

The superior teacher demonstrates.

The great teacher inspires.

-- William Arthur Ward

When I conduct training, I like to share the ideas of learning the reference points instead of learning the fact and remembering them.

I think it is through telling, explaining and demonstrating that we transfer our learning and knowledge on certain subject matter, which is limited in range.

If we can lead them to learn by "referring" to the pool of knowledge with good indexing tools or reference points, the power of learning will be endless.

With the "reference learning method", one can expands on the knowledge domain and boarder one's zone of understanding.

Do not be afraid that you cannot remember all the facts and details, no one does.

If you know where to get and verify the facts and details when you need them, you will have no problem of creating your knowledge domain in the long run.

Dexterine Ho Soo Miang

Friday, April 27, 2012

Two roads diverged ...

Two roads diverged in a wood, and I -  I took the one less traveled
by, And that has made all the difference.

-- Robert Frost (1875-1963) American Poet
I learnt the quotation when I was in university and like it very much. I think it is good to take a road less traveled as it gives you a chance for new discovery!

研究遺憾: 歷史學



Source of information:
鏗鏘集 百年一願

Thursday, April 26, 2012

MARC tag 550 and 710

After doing assessment today, I just like to share some points on use of MARC tage 550 and 710 for a serial entry:

I search "British Economic Society) and found the:

The economic journal : the quarterly journal of the Royal Economic Society.

In the MARC record:
__ |a Vols. for 1891-1902 issued by: British Economic Association; 1903- by: Royal Economic Society.
__ |a Vols. 1 (1891)-10 (1900). 1 v.; v. 11 (1901)-20 (1910). 1 v.; v. 21 (1911)-30 (1920). 1 v.; v. 31 (1921)-40 (1930). 1 v.; v. 91 (1981)-100 (1990). 1 v.
and two added entries is listed:

7102_ |a British Economic Association.
2_ |a Royal Economic Society (Great Britain)

As some candidates who are doing serials cataloguing will experience change of publishers and it is good to note the use of MARC tag 550 to add the notes and create MARC tag 710 for added entry.

Some other good reference pointers from the folloing ppt maybe of interest to some readers: 


Serials adding training

Tuesday, April 24, 2012

OCLC Bibliographic Formats and Standards

OCLC Bibliographic Formats and Standards

Bibliographic Formats and Standards is a guide to machine-readable cataloging records in WorldCat. It provides tagging conventions, input standards and guidelines for entering information into WorldCat.

Biblographic Formats and Standards assumes you are familiar with Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, second edition, 2004 Revision, and other standard cataloging reference material. Some sections also assume you have a general knowledge of data processing and databases.

It provides all the Marc tags explanation, e.g., 0xx to 9xx fields in PDF files

Source of information:

Understanding MARC

Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Machine-Readable Cataloging

The information on this web site is written by Betty Furrie in conjunction with the Data Base Development Department of The Follett Software Company Eighth edition reviewed and edited by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress

Published by the Cataloging Distribution Service, Library of Congress, in collaboration with The Follett Software Company

Source of information:
What is a MARC Record, and Why is it Important?
Part I: What Does MARC Mean?
Part II: Why Is a MARC Record Necessary?
Part III: MARC Terms and Their Definitions
Part IV: Where do MARC Records Originate?
Part V: MARC Data Issues
Part VI: In Conclusion
MARC 21 Reference Materials -- Parts VII to X
Part VII: A Summary of Commonly Used MARC 21 Fields
Part VIII: A List of Other Fields Often Seen in MARC Records
Part IX: The Leader
Part X: Field 008 for Books
MARC 21 Reference Materials -- Parts XI to XII
Part XI: A Sample Record in Various Formats
Part XII: AV Records: From Cards to MARC 21
Selected Bibliography
MARC 21 Content Designators: A Review

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

RDA & AACR2: What's the Difference?

"RDA is the new cataloging standard developed to replace AACR2. Susan Wynne from the University of Wyoming will examine the major differences, view RDA records, discuss the status of implementation plans in U.S. libraries, and consider RDA's possible effects on catalogers, public services, and users."

Source of information:
RDA & AACR2: What's the Difference?

RDA Changes from AACR2 for Texts

"As the United States begins to prepare to test the new cataloging code, RDA: Resource Description and Access, this presentation explores the changes from AACR2 (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd ed.) that the new code brings. The focus of this presentation is a brief overview of the changed instructions for cataloging textual materials. The presentation lasts 41 minutes, and the Q&A session afterward runs 35 minutes.

Speaker Biography: Barbara Tillett is chief of the Policy and Standards Division, Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate at the Library of Congress."

Source of information:
RDA Changes from AACR2 for Texts

Friday, April 13, 2012

What Makes a Librarian

This was the first of a series of discussions that LAS planned for librarians, so that we can had dialogue on issues close to our hearts.

“What Makes a Librarian?”

Date:  Friday, 13 Apr 2012
Time:  6:00-8:30pm
Venue:  The Pod, National Library Building

What Makes a Librarian?

CEO NLB Mrs Elaine Ng shared her views on the qualities that distinguish librarians from other professions. I think I agreed with her that the way recorded information moved from printed source and toward interactive mode on Internet via Social Media, and the primary learning method shifted from printed text to media mode or interactive mode is something challenging the Librarian in the future!

Mr Choy Fatt Cheong shared from CISPIN (Committee on Information Studies Programmes and Industry Needs) report the views on the attributes and competencies of a library and information professional.

Mr Gene Tan, President LAS, shared his experience at the PPM/LAS confernenc in Malacca, and the opportunities for professional growth and development through Singapore hosting of the World Library and Information Congress by IFLA in 2013.  The Singapore Memory Project

We will also take the opportunity to recognise our fellow professionals who have been certified under the Professional Development Scheme.

Beside the senior librarians from NLB, Academic Libraries and other libriaries, many young librarians also shared their views on "What you think makes a librarian?" – a critical and yet ageless question for our profession.

I enjoy an evening of networking and discussions with fellow librarians and info professionals:

6:00pm    Registration and Networking (please be seated by 6:30pm)
6:30pm    Opening by emcee
6:35pm    Opening speech by GOH, Mrs Elaine Ng, NLB CEO
6:45pm    Presentation of LAS PDS certs
6:55pm    Speech by Mr Choy Fatt Cheong, University Librarian, NTU
7:10pm    Audience discussion
7:40pm    Speech by Mr Gene Tan, LAS President
7:55pm    Lucky draw

Lucky winner received a gift voucher from Gene Tan, President of LAS

The official sharing events ended with a lucky draw, and I am one of the lucky winner who received a Kinokoniya book voucher!  All the joys were reflected on my face when I received the gift from Gene!

Thanks Gene, Thanks LAS!

Updated and revised on 8 Feb 2013

Wednesday, April 11, 2012

Bib Control links: pt 12 Call number search

Library of Congress Online Catalog

The Library of Congress Online Catalog is so popular among cataloguers who do not have any paid subscription for Marc Records.

They are FREE and if you use "MARC Tags Display" and look for 050 and 082 tag, you will get the LC class number and DDC number for some records. Using this method, it may ease your job of finding the call number you need, be it LCC or DDC.

For example: the 2nd edition of "Brown, Abbie. Essentials of instructional design : connecting fundamental principles with process and practice / Abbie Brown, Timothy D. Green." published in 2011 have the following details:

05000 |a LB1028.38 |b .B76 2011
08200 |a 371.3 |2 22

Source of information:

The above information is free!

Alternatively, the Classification web from Library of Congress at provides correlation search.

Please note that it is a Fee based service (Paid Service).

If you are accessing it from the Library or the Organisation, it only works when your Library or Organisation subscribed to the service. You can view the contents without any login process as the system authenticates the access via institution's IP address.

From Menu you will be able to:

Browse LC Classification Schedules

Search LC Classification

Browse LC Subject Headings

Search LC Subject Headings

Search Genre/Form Terms

Search Children's Subject Headings

Browse LC Name Headings

Search LC Name Headings

Bibliographic Correlations (menu)

If you use the Bibliographic Correlations ( menu) at

It will show the following links:

LC class number => Dewey class number
LC class number => NLM class number
LC class number => LC subject heading
LC class number => LC subject heading (including names)
LC subject heading => LC class number
LC subject heading => Dewey class Number
LC subject heading => NLM class number
LC subject heading (including names) => LC class number
LC subject heading (including names) => Dewey class Number
LC subject heading (including names) => NLM class number
Name as Creator (1xx field) => LC Class Number
Name as Creator (1xx field) => Dewey Class Number
Name as Creator (1xx field) => NLM Class Number
Dewey class number => LC class number
Dewey class number => LC subject heading
Dewey class number => LC subject heading (including names)

For example:

LC class number => Dewey class number

If you Key in LC class number "LB1050", you will get DDC class number:

428.4 (87)
372.4 (45)
372.41 (45)
428.407 (19)
428.4071 (13)
428.43 (10)
372.43 (7)
372.40973 (6)
418.4 (6)
372.6 (5)

Browse LC Name Headings
will allow you to browse name heading, i.e. Tan Wee Kiat will return you the details:

Tan, Wee Kiat
Found in:  Naturally yours, Singapore, c1992: t.p. (Tan Wee Kiat)
National Parks Singapore WWW site, May 10, 2010 (Dr. Tan Wee Kiat; CEO of Nparks; retd. in 2006)
UF   Kiat, Tan Wee
Tan, Wee Kiat, 1940-
Found in:  Jack and the carnivorous pitcher plant, 1999: t.p. (Tan Wee Kiat) p. 83 (Dr. Tan Wee Kiat; lect., National Inst. of Education, Singapore; studies nature & stamp collector)
Singapore's monuments & landmarks : a philatelic ramble, 2007: t.p. (Tan Wee Kiat) back cover (Tan Wee Kiat; retd. lect., National Institute of Education; stamp enthusiast)
Email from author, Apr. 21, 2010 (b. Apr. 4, 1940)
UF   Kiat, Tan Wee, 1940-

Browse LC Name Headingswill allow you to browse name heading, i.e. "cohen, h. f " will return you the details

Cohen, H. F.
Found in:  His Quantifying music, c1984: CIP t.p. (H.F. Cohen) CIP data (b. 7/1/46) book t.p. (H.F. Cohen; Technical University Twente, Dept. of Social History of Science and Technology, Enschede) jkt. (H. Floris Cohen)
LC data base, 2/6/84 (hdg.: Cohen, H. F.)
LC manual auth. cd. (hdg.: Cohen, H. F.; b. 1946)
Lorentz, H.A. Selected works of H.A. Lorentz, 1987- : v. 5, t.p. (H. Floris Cohen)
UF   Cohen, H. Floris
Cohen, H. Floris
USE  Cohen, H. F.

As it is a subscription based service, it only works when your Library or Organisation subscribed to the service.  Otherwise, you will see a login page that demand for user name and password.  That means you have no access to it.


Happy searching!

Dexterine Ho Soo Miang

Tuesday, April 10, 2012

REGISTRATION OPENS - LAS WSQ Provide Loans and Membership Services (May 2012)

Just received the following email announcement:

LAS is pleased to organize the fourth run of the WSQ/LAS Level 2
training for Provide Loans and Membership Services on 9 - 10 May 2012.

This 2 day course will be held at Agatha Room, Toa Payoh Public



Register here

Source of information:
Email received on Tuesday, 10 April, 2012 10:48 PM from

M3 Bib Control: Activity 15

Refer to LG p.125.
Discuss and pool your answers to the questions based on the website and the FAQ

Goto website
Locate its FAQ.
use the link:

Spend 15 mins on activity

Monday, April 09, 2012

LAS WSQ Schedule 2012

The current training Schedule 2012 for LAS WSQ course leading to "Higher Certification in Library and Information Services" can be accessed via:

Thursday, April 05, 2012

RDA ( Resource Description and Access)

As one of the trainers for next run of Module 3: Support Bibliographic Control Work for Higher Certificate in Library and Information Service (HCLIS), I just search for some update on RDA and found the following paper from OCLC:

Incorporating RDA practices into WorldCat: A discussion paper


This discussion paper assumes that the library community moves forward with the implementation of RDA: Resource Description and Access, an implementation that is currently envisioned to take place no earlier than January 1, 2013. It proposes a number of policies that may be put in place and actions that may be undertaken as part of incorporating RDA practices more fully into WorldCat. It also attempts to balance the dual roles of WorldCat as a catalog and as a repository of bibliographic data.
Initially, these proposed policies and actions are primarily focused on English-language-of-cataloging records that are created and maintained online by OCLC member libraries. As translations of RDA become available and as national libraries beyond the Anglo-American community make their policy decisions public, OCLC will expand these policy statements and action plans.
The paper is being made available for OCLC member libraries to comment on these potential policies and actions. Please send comments to by April 15, 2012.
Source of information:

Here are some points I extracted after reading the paper:

*Following the formal adoption of RDA: Resource Description and Access by the three national libraries in the United States, many libraries will begin creating only RDA records.

*Implementation is envisioned to take place no earlier than January 1, 2013.

*It would be more efficient if staff focused instead on learning a single standard, RDA.

*Use of spelled out forms in RDA removes ambiguities or confusion created by the use of abbreviations. Similarly, the use of English language terms in RDA in place of Latin terms used in older rules removes ambiguities. For example, [Place of publication not identified] is clearer to end users than [S.l.] or [N.p.].

*Proposed Future Cataloging Policy:
  • Catalogers are not required to update or upgrade existing records to RDA.
  • Catalogers may re-catalog items according to RDA if it is considered useful... The revised record would then be changed to Desc (Leader/18) coded as c or i as appropriate with 040 $e rda added.
  • Catalogers may update individual fields in pre-RDA records to reflect RDA practices if it is considered useful...
  • Catalogers should use access points as established in the authority file, whether those forms are coded as RDA or AACR2.
*Changing Pre-RDA Records
  • Content, Media, and Carrier Types: Fields 336, 337, and 338 allow for the recording of content, media, and carrier types using controlled terminology...
  • General Material Designations: Field 245 $h would no longer be input under RDA...
*Access Points: additional access points called for under RDA instructions may be added to older records. Additional access points do not have to be represented in any existing notes or statements of responsibility.

*Statements of Responsibility: Catalogers may also revise statements of responsibility in older records to record additional names optionally called for under RDA instructions.

*Abbreviations in the Language of the Cataloging Agency:
  • Abbreviations of non-transcribed elements may be converted to spelled-out forms.
  • In field 300 in English language based cataloging, for example, end users would be better served by seeing illustrations versus ill. or illus., portraits versus ports., volumes versus v., etc.
*Latin Abbreviations may be converted to their spelled-out non-Latin language forms. For example in English language based cataloging, end users would be better served by seeing [and others] versus … [et al.], [publisher not identified] versus [s.n.], approximately versus ca., etc.

*Brackets: Practice regarding the input of brackets changes under RDA so that individual elements are separately bracketed rather than combined with adjacent bracketed elements, e.g., 260 [S.l. : $b s.n., $c 1960?] would be formulated as 260 [Place of publication not identified] : $b [publisher not identified], $c [1960?] instead. RDA practice for input of brackets may be used when working with non-RDA records.

*Parallel Records: RDA-based changes may be made to records cataloged in English as well as in other languages of cataloging as coded in 040 $b, as long as the language of cataloging is retained and respected.

*Future OCLC Changes
  • OCLC envisions potentially making some widespread changes to existing records in WorldCat including a number of those outlined above.
  • Such efforts would be oriented toward reducing the need for catalogers to make similar changes as well as making the records more useful in the RDA environment.
  • This activity would supplement other data quality efforts such as authority control, duplicate detection, etc.
*Retaining Changes to Existing Records
  • Once an individual element in an older record has been changed to reflect RDA practice, it should not be changed back to a pre-RDA form even though the record is still coded AACR2 or earlier rules.
  • When performing copy cataloging, catalogers may locally edit these elements to reflect earlier rules but the master record should not be changed.
Please read the full text for more details:

Incorporating RDA practices into WorldCat: A discussion paper

TED: Ideas Worth Spreading

I enjoyed a lot of good speeches and excellent talks from TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design) for years, and I think it is a sites many readers would enjoy!

TED: Ideas Worth Spreading

"On, we make the best talks and performances from TED and partners available to the world, for free. More than 900 TEDTalks are now available, with more added each week. All of the talks are subtitled in English, and many are subtitled in various languages. These videos are released under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND license, so they can be freely shared and reposted."

Our mission: Spreading ideas. "We believe passionately in the power of ideas to change attitudes, lives and ultimately, the world. So we're building here a clearinghouse that offers free knowledge and inspiration from the world's most inspired thinkers, and also a community of curious souls to engage with ideas and each other."


Here are some talks that set me thinking on various issues lately:

Peter Saul: Let’s talk about dying

To talk about end-of-life wishes is not easy, yet Dr Peter Saul an ICU Specialist from Newcastle, Australia, have a profound talk on the topic and introduce the concept "occupy death".

Ayah Bdeir: Building blocks that blink, beep and teach

"Imagine a set of electronics as easy to play with as Legos.  Ayah Bdeir introduces littleBits, a set of simple, interchangeable blocks that make programming as simple and important a part of creativity as snapping blocks together"

It is like a growing library, and I know a growing library will work in a creative way beyond our imagination!

Martin Jacques: Understanding the rise of China

"Speaking at a TED Salon in London, economist Martin Jacques asks: How do we in the West make sense of China and its phenomenal rise? The author of "When China Rules the World," he examines why the West often puzzles over the growing power of the Chinese economy, and offers three building blocks for understanding what China is and will become."