Search This Blog

Thursday, June 29, 2017

Spiritual progress...

Spiritual progress is like detoxification. Things have to come up in order to be released. Once we have asked to be healed, then our unhealed places are forced to the surface.
 
 
-- Marianne Williamson

Saturday, May 20, 2017

Once a Reference Librarian, you are always served as a Reference point

For me, my journey as a librarian started with cataloguing work in Institute of Education (IE), Singapore in August 1982.

Institute of Education Library at that time was at Bukit Timah Campus, a new home to all the teacher trainees and staff, who have fond memory of TTC (Teachers'  Training College) at Paterson campus.

Mrs Wang-Chen Hsiu Chin (1922-1983) whom I met at Paterson Campus in 1981 was the Chief Librarian who recruited me.

I am very grateful to receive a letter from IE, with confirmation for my Library post  (Asstitant Librarian) one day before I took the examination in summer 1982.

The only condition stated in the letter was: you have to pass your Post-graduate Diploma examination before your can report to work.

I still remembered the joyful scene of sharing the good news with classmates, Ms Foo Yan Chuin and housemates Nancy Chan, Sharopa & others on that summer evening at Padan House, Aberystwyth, the night before my first examination paper for Librarianship.

After I returned to Singapore with a Post-graduate Diploma in Librarianship from College of Librarianship, Aberystwyth, University of Wales, I reported to work at IE and Mrs Wang-Chen Hsiu Chin and Mr Ng Soo Kwee were my two immediate bosses.

Before IE became NIE (National Institute of Education) in 1990, my library professional role in IE Library changed from Cataloguing to Reference in 1984, and I discovered with joys that reference work is much more interesting and rewarding than any other professional jobs in the library.

I served for 12 years at Reference in NIE Library, and a lot more roles were added over the decade.

I learned to oversee the Readers Services which includes circulation (loan issues), membership services, user education, library promotion and exhibition etc...

Conducting instructional programmes for different users group, i.e., PGDE, HOD, Master In Education, Ph.D candidates and academic staff etc... became my working routine which I enjoyed very much.

In these 12 years of reference journey in IE/NIE, I was supported by my successor in cataloguing unit, Ms Yvonne Yin who did the jobs with great insight and enthusiasm. 

Yvonne's interest in reading and knowledge in history and many other subject, like sports made her a great counterpart to work with.  I always solved my reference puzzles and answered my reference enquiries with her help.

I am very grateful to her for quick response whenever I see the needs of correcting or amending main entry or added entries in some cataloguing records.

Two heads is always better than one, and we always look forward to sharing and unlocking our thought over the short 15 minutes tea break in the morning and in the afternoon on most working days!

=====

I was grateful to Mr Jim Davies and Mr Ng Soo Kwee for their recommendations for me to pursue the Masters Degree in Information Science in University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee in 1989 to 1990.  With the added academic credential, I started to explore and expand online searching using Dialog Information Service and spend a lot of time searching ERIC database and Dissertations Abstracts. 

The standing order to purchase and subscribe to microfiche ED (Eric Documents) collection was then introduced in NIE Library with the recommendation of Mr Philip Wong, NICER, PS (Psychology Studies) Department, NIE. NIE became the first library in the Southeast Asia region which housed the ERIC Documents produced by 16 ERIC Clearinghouses from USA.

Before the ED standing order were initialed in 1991/2?, NIE Library only purchased printed or microform (microfiche or microfilm) copy of ED based on users' request.

Even with the help of email, which just started to be a popular mean of communication, items ordered via email still being shipped by surface mail/post.  Usually, it has a waiting time of over 2-4 weeks before the item arrived.  It was rather hard for some research projects which had pressing needs in terms of time frame.

=====

In April 1996, I joined Temasek Polytechnic and became a lecturer in the Department of Information Studies, ITAS (School of Information Technology and Applied Science). The course I first involved in was RTK (Recording and Transferring of Knowledge), which covered over 10 citation formats, like books (monographs or monograph series), newspapers and journal articles, conference proceedings, patents documents, legal documents like white papers, bills and acts etc... 

To me, the contents of RTK were like the by-products of cataloguing and reference works with more varieties in terms of document types.  In compiling the course materials and notes for RTK, my years of experience in cataloguing and reference at IE/NIE became very handy and useful.

Knowledge accumulated through years of working in the library, be it over the reference desk or in the technical service, all will come in handy when you need it.

=====

I enjoyed having a cataloguing mind set, of with complex rules of AACR2 was our daily bible.

The clear and strict rules helped to create orders in bibliographic control and I am grateful to have all the long hours of coaching at Paterson Campus by Mr Ng Soo Kwee, the Chief Cataloguer and Head of Technical services before I went for my first overseas course, even though I were not an IE staff, way back in July 1981.

As some one who was on "pre-course attachment" before I went for UK studies, I was very much amazed by the contents of 3" by 5" catalogue card, of which main entry was created and added entries were added by duplicating the same white card using stencilling machines.

With the two weeks of pre-course attachment in IE at Paterson Campus, I gained some basic understand of library works, and the study in Wales added the foundation in Librarianship and allowed me to sail far in the ocean of knowledge world.

=====

I enjoyed Cataloguing work and see the beauty of MARC coding format, nevertheless, I identified myself more as a Reference Librarian than a Cataloguer.

In the small library circle in Singapore, among peers and counterparts in library work, I am still being introduced as the former Reference Librarian from NIE.

By now, it was over 20 years since I unloaded my reference title, yet from time to time, I received the reference enquiries from peers in the library circle and I am glad I can served as a Reference Point all the time.

Appended here is a write out of a recent case:

=====


Reference & Friends [title based on the news/talk program Fox & Friends]


ReferenceFriend (RF for short): Hi Reference, I have an enquiry from a retiree who would like to contact Librarian A, who I know is also retired. I understand Librarian A wrote a short biography of the retiree's father. Do you know Librarian A personally?


Reference: No, sorry! Contact her old library, Library B!


(Library B was duly contacted, and the request kindly forwarded. Librarian A very kindly answered the enquiry, which pertained to an interview held decades ago).

The info was then relayed:


Very Grateful Enquirer: That is a real mystery solved! Thank you so much!


RF: Oh, you are most welcome, it's a small thing really --

Very Grateful Enquirer: I've got you a box of chocolates! And come over to my place for lunch! See you!

----------------------------------

RF (to Reference): ....and that's the story. Thanks so much for answering so quickly --

Reference: Hoi, I am a Reference librarian! Enquiries must be answered quickly, immediately, straightaway! Oh, I would like a write-up, please. I will give you  a whole 2 days, which is plenty time in Reference terms. Submit before the LAS AGM!

==========

Notes:

1.  Mrs Wang-Chen Hsiu Chin (1922-1983) was the University Librarian of the former University of Singapore, the predecessor institution of NUS. Mrs Wang joined the library in 1955 and retired as its head in 1978. She obtained both her MA in Political Science and Master of Librarianship from the University of Washington in Seattle. Prior to that, she had worked with a leading local Chinese newspaper, Nanyang Siang Pau, as a journalist and as the head of its resource centre.

The Straits Times, in reporting her passing in 1983, described Mrs Wang as “the woman who helped build the then University of Singapore’s library into one of the best in this region.” (S.T. 11.5.1983).


王陈秀锦女士(1922-1983)乃前新加坡大学图书馆馆长。1955年受聘于新加坡马来亚大学图书馆,1978年6月以新加坡大学图书馆馆长身份荣休。(新加坡大学乃新加坡国立大学的前身。新加坡的马大于1962年成立为新加坡大学。)退休前,王夫人为新加坡国立大学在肯特岗校园的新图书馆的策划贡献了诸多心力;退休后,她应教育学院(现为南洋理工大学国立教育学院)的邀请出任该院的图书馆馆长。

王夫人于1951年在美国西雅图的华盛顿大学与夫婿王佐(前南洋大学注册主任)一同获得文学硕士学位,次年再获取图书馆学硕士学位,成为第一位获颁美国图书馆学专业学位的新加坡人。她也是第一位担任新加坡大学图书馆馆长的本地人。离美返新前她任职于奥利根大学图书馆。

王夫人在战前新加坡接受初中教育,随后赴中国接受高中与大学教育。返新后她曾担任前《南洋商报》的资料室主任并撰写专栏;赴美留学期间她一度为该报的驻美特约记者。

王夫人一生服务大专学府,曾四度出任新加坡图书馆协会会长,两度担任新加坡国家图书馆委员会委员,也被受邀担任新加坡同济医院中医药图书馆的顾问。多年来她同时服务教会,关怀社会,所担任过的要职务包括所属教会的社会关怀委员会主席及卫理公会英文年议会会友领袖。

Source of information:


2. Mr Jim Davies from UK, and was appointed as Chief Librarian of IE in 1983. He returned to UK in 1994?.

3. Mr Ng Soo Kwee, retired from NIE Acting Chief Librarian/Deputy Librarian post in 1995?

RDA in MARC Bibliographic Data

To understand RDA better, I would like to recommend reading:

Cataloger's Reference Shelf
MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data

RDA in MARC Bibliographic Data

http://www.itsmarc.com/crs/mergedprojects/helptop1/helptop1/variable_data_fields/rda_in_marc_bibliographic_data.htm

Here are some key components extracted from the page which I would like to focus on:

NEW for Update
Fields created or revised for RDA
Leader
0XX Fixed Field
for example:
040  Cataloging Source - $e made repeatable and code "rda" added to the MARC code list for Description Convention Source Codes to indicate the use of the RDA rules for description.  (Update 11, 2010)  Leader/18 will be coded i with RDA.

-- already records name to resource relationships using relator terms ($e) or codes ($4); see MARC Code List for Relators and RDA Appendix I
-- subfield $g (Miscellaneous information) made repeatable  (Update 19, 2014)
240  Uniform Title - subfield $g (Miscellaneous information) made repeatable  (Update 19, 2014)
250  Edition Statement - made repeatable in order to better accommodate edition statements for music and other resources cataloged according to RDA
300  Physical Description - recording carrier characteristics and RDA carrier characteristic terms in textual form.

490  Series Statement - ISSN subfield made repeatable.  (Update 10, 2009)
-- recording carrier characteristics and RDA carrier characteristic notes in textual form.
-- notes for resource to resource relationships that may exist between works, expressions, manifestations and items  (RDA Appendix J)
500  General Note - recording carrier characteristics and RDA carrier characteristic notes in textual form.
502  Dissertation Note - additional subfield specificity  (Update 9, 2008)

-- already records name to resource relationships using relator terms ($e) or codes ($4); see MARC Code List for Relators and RDA Appendix I
-- subfield $g (Miscellaneous information) made repeatable in fields 600610611630  (Update 19, 2014)
650  Subject Added Entry - Topical Term - added $g (Miscellaneous information)  (Update 19, 2014)

700-75X  Added Entry Fields  (Update 10, 2009)
-- already records name to resource relationships using relator terms ($e) or codes ($4); see MARC Code List for Relators and RDA Appendix I
-- structured access points for resource to resource relationships that may exist between works, expressions, manifestations and items  (RDA Appendix J)
-- subfield $i defined in MARC for the relationship term
-- subfield $g (Miscellaneous information) made repeatable in fields 700710711730  (Update 19, 2014)

800-840  Series Added Entry Fields - already records name to resource relationships using relator terms ($e) or codes ($4); see MARC Code List for Relators and RDA Appendix I
-- added $x (International Standard Serial) and $3 (Materials specified)  (Update 9, 2008)
-- added $5 (Institution to which field applies)  (Update 11, 2010)
-- added $7 (Control subfield)  (Update 17, 2013)
-- subfield $g (Miscellaneous information) made repeatable in fields 800810811830  (Update 19, 2014)
856  Electronic Location and Access - identifiers for resource to resource relationships that may exist between works, expressions, manifestations and items  (RDA Appendix J)
X10  Corporate Names - Subfield $c (Location of meeting) made repeatable for recording multiple location names in relation to conferences.  (Update 18, 2014)
X11  Meeting Names - Subfield $c (Location of meeting) made repeatable for recording multiple location names in relation to conferences.  (Update 18, 2014)
Many subfields $o, $u, $x, $w, and $0 - identifiers for resource to resource relationships that may exist between works, expressions, manifestations and items  (RDA Appendix J)
Current with LC's web site changes through July 30, 2014.
RDA in MARC:
MARC 21 Updates 9-18 include all changes to MARC for use with RDA approved through June 2014.
CONTENT, MEDIA, and CARRIER TYPES and CHARACTERISTICS

For examples:
RDA Content Types

RDA contains a list of English language content types for which a new field 336 was provided in MARC Bibliographic and in MARC Authority.

RDA Media Types
MARC already indicates media type in field 007/00.
RDA contains a list of English language media types for which a new field 337 is provided in MARC Bibliographic and in MARC Holdings.

RDA Carrier Types
MARC already indicates carrier type in field 007/01.
RDA contains a list of English language carrier types for which a new field 338 is provided in MARC Bibliographic and in MARC Holdings.

RDA Carrier Characteristics
MARC provides for recording carrier characteristics in textual form in Bibliographic fields 300340, and 5XX and in coded form in Bibliographic and Holdings field 007.
RDA contains lists of English language terms that can be used to express carrier characteristics and also allows expression via notes.
RDA carrier characteristic notes – MARC Bibliographic fields 500 and other 5XX
RDA carrier characteristic terms in MARC Bibliographic format
-- Field 340  Physical Medium  (new subfields)
-- New Bibliographic format fields
ATTRIBUTES of NAMES and RESOURCES
Attributes of names and titles are typically information that has been recorded in name headings (e.g., date of birth) or in uniform title headings (e.g., key for music) -- or they may have been included in a note in an Authority record for the name or title.  With RDA they may be recorded separately from the heading or as part of the heading (or both).  New fields for these attributes have been established for names and for resources (works and expressions).
New MARC Authority fields for name attributes:
New MARC Authority and Bibliographic fields for work and expression attributes:
046  Special Coded Dates  (new subfields only)
384  Key (NR)

RELATIONSHIPS
Name to resource
RDA Appendix I lists possible relationships between a resource and persons, families and corporate bodies, e.g., author, artist, cartographer.
MARC already records these types of relationships using relator terms ($e) or codes ($4) in 1XX6XX7XX, and 8XX in MARC Bibliographic and 1XX4XX, and 5XX in MARC Authority.
MARC Code List for Relators is being augmented with RDA relationships that are not already in the list.
Resource to resource
RDA Appendix J lists over 400 relationships that may exist between works, expressions, manifestations and items, e.g., dramatized as (work), indexed in (work), sequel, digest of (expression), filmed with (manifestation), reproduction of (item).
RDA identifies several methods for specifying these relationships:
-- identifiers - e.g., many $o, $u, $x, $w, and $0 subfields, and field 856
-- notes - 5XX Bibliographic and 667-68X Authority
-- structured descriptions - 76X-78X Bibliographic
-- structured access points - 700-75X Bibliographic and 4XX, and 5XX Authority
MARC addition:  $i defined for the relationship term - in Bibliographic 700-75X (see specific field) and 76X-78X (subfield $i) and in Authority 4XX and 5XX (subfield $i).
Name to name
RDA Appendix K lists possible relationships between persons, families and corporate bodies, e.g., employee, sponsor, descendent family, employer, predecessor.
MARC subfield $i added to 4XX and 5XX Authority is also used to specify these types of relationships.
MISCELLANEOUS OTHER CHANGES to MARC for RDA
Additional subfield specificity in field 502 (Dissertation Note)
ISSN subfield made repeatable in field 490 (Series Statement)
Additional codes in various 007 and 008 character positions
Field 040 $e made repeatable and code "rda" added to the MARC code list for Description Convention Source Codes to indicate the use of the RDA rules for description.  Leader/18 will be coded i with RDA.
Field 250 made repeatable in order to better accommodate edition statements for music and other resources cataloged according to RDA.
Subfield $c (Location of meeting) made repeatable in X10 (Corporate Names) and X11 (Meeting Names) fields for recording multiple location names in relation to conferences.
Experimentation with a technique for including URIs for values (no MARC content designation change).  (See Discussion Paper 2010-DP02 for general description.)


Source of information: